Lima is the capital and the largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, in the central coastal part of the country, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area. With a population of almost 10 million, Lima is the most populous metropolitan area of Peru and the second-largest city in the Americas (as defined by "city proper"), behind São Paulo and before Mexico City.
The" Museum of the Nation" is located in Javier Grassland West 2466 San Borja. It has excellent models of the major Peruvian ruins, as well as exhibits about Peruvian archeology. This Museum offers the best overview of National archeological heritage at a much affordable price than some private collections. It exhibits medical practices in Pre-Columbian sites, as well as 18th and 19th century medical instruments. The most recent exhibition is the Lord of Sipán, which is by far the most sophisticated and well-presented exhibition in Peru.
Many different earthquakes have destroyed the Cathedral of Lima; the present reconstruction is based on the early plans. The interior is compared to many Latin American Churches of particular interest because of the tomb and the remains of San Francisco Pizarro in the mosaic-covered chapel, just to the right of the main entrance. Also of interest are the well-carved choir and the small religious museum in the rear back of the cathedral.
This Franciscan church and monastery is famous for its catacombs. It is less well known for its remarkable library. The church is one of the best preserved of Lima's early colonial churches. Much of the church has been well restored to its original baroque style with Moorish influence. The monastery is situated at the corner of the Lampa and Ancash streets. You can visit this through a tour or by getting a tourist guide at the entrance. Through the tour you will visit the catacombs, the library, the cloister and the museum of religious art. The underground catacombs is the site of an estimated 70 000 burials.
The central and most important square in any Peruvian town called the" Plaza de Armas." Though also called" Plaza Mayor." 140 square meters large. On one site of the Plaza de Armas you have the Cathedral. To the left of the Cathedral there is the exquisitely balconied archbishops place, to relatively modern building dating from 1924. The Government palace on the Northeastern side of the Square was built in the same period. Here, to handsomely uniformed presidential guard on duty all day. The daily ceremonial changing of guards takes place at noon. Another important building is the town hall.
Miraflores is the major focus of the city’s action and nightlife. Famous for its streets lined with café’s and for having the capitals flashiest shops. LARCO MAR. The new mall at the end of Larco street has done an excellent job of integration the park end of Miraflores with what was previously a rather desolate point, essentially a shopping zone with walkways and patios open to the sky, sea and cliffs. Larco Mar is also home to several decent bars, ice-cream parlours, restaurants, cinemas and nightclubs.
Barranco is a quieter place than Miraflores, overlooking the ocean, and scattered with old mansions as well as fascinating smaller homes. It was the capitals seaside resort during the 19th century and is now a kind of Limeño left bank, with young artists, writers, musicians and intellectuals taking over many of the older properties. Barranco is quite densely populated, with some 40 000 inhabitants living in its delicately coloured houses.
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